Display user identity
id -F [user]
id -G [-n] [user]
id -P [user]
id -g [-nr] [user]
id -p [user]
id -u [-nr] [user]
Displays the user and group names and numeric IDs, of the calling process, to the standard output. If the
real and effective IDs are different, both are displayed, otherwise only the real ID is displayed.
If a user (login name or user ID) is specified, the user and group IDs of that user are displayed. In this case, the
real and effective IDs are assumed to be the same.
| process audit user ID and other process audit properties, which requires privilege.
| full name of the user.
| group IDs (effective, real and supplementary) as white-space separated numbers, in no particular order.
| MAC label of the current process.
| id as a password file entry.
| effective group ID as a number.
| name of the user or group ID for the -G, -g and -u options instead of the number. If any of the ID
numbers cannot be mapped into names, the number will be displayed as usual.
| Make the output human-readable. If the user name returned by getlogin(2) is different from the login name referenced by the user ID, the name returned by getlogin(2) is displayed, preceded by the keyword ``login''. The user
ID as a name is displayed, preceded by the keyword ``uid''. If the effective user ID is different from the real
user ID, the real user ID is displayed as a name, preceded by the keyword ``euid''. If the effective group ID is
different from the real group ID, the real group ID is displayed as a name, preceded by the keyword ``rgid''.
The list of groups to which the user belongs is then displayed as names, preceded by the keyword ``groups''.
Each display is on a separate line.
| real ID for the -g and -u options instead of the effective ID.
| effective user ID as a number.
| Ignored for compatibility with other id implementations.
The historic groups(1) command is equivalent to
id -Gn [user].