environ -- user environment

     extern char **environ;

     An array of strings called the environment is made available by execve(2) when a process begins.  By convention these
     strings have the form ``name=value''.  The following names are used by various commands:

     BLOCKSIZE    The size of the block units used by several commands, most notably df(1), du(1) and ls(1).  This variable is
                  processed by the getbsize(3) function.

     COLUMNS      The user's preferred width in column positions for the terminal.  Utilities such as ls(1) and who(1) use
                  this to format output into columns.  If unset or empty, utilities will use an ioctl(2) call to ask the terminal driver for the width.

     EDITOR       Default editor name.

     EXINIT       A startup list of commands read by ex(1) and vi(1).

     HOME         A user's login directory, set by login(1) from the password file passwd(5).

     LANG         This variable configures all programs which use setlocale(3) to use the specified locale unless the LC_*
                  variables are set.


     LC_COLLATE   Locale to be used for ordering of strings.

     LC_CTYPE     Locale to be used for character classification (letter, space, digit, etc.) and for interpreting byte
                  sequences as multibyte characters.

     LC_MESSAGES  Locale to be used for diagnostic messages.

     LC_MONETARY  Locale to be used for interpreting monetary input and formatting output.

     LC_NUMERIC   Locale to be used for interpreting numeric input and formatting output.

     LC_TIME      Locale to be used for interpreting dates input and for formatting output.

     MAIL         The location of the user's mailbox instead of the default in /var/mail, used by mail(1), sh(1), and many other mail clients.

     NLSPATH      List of directories to be searched for the message catalog referred to by LC_MESSAGES.  See catopen(3).

     PAGER        Default paginator program.  The program specified by this variable is used by mail(1), man(1), ftp(1), etc,
                  to display information which is longer than the current display.

     PATH         The sequence of directories, separated by colons, searched by csh(1), sh(1), system(3), execvp(3), etc, when
                  looking for an executable file.  PATH is set to ``/usr/bin:/bin'' initially by login(1).

     PRINTER      The name of the default printer to be used by lpr(1), lpq(1), and lprm(1).

     PWD          The current directory pathname.

     SHELL        The full pathname of the user's login shell.

     TERM         The kind of terminal for which output is to be prepared.  This information is used by commands, such as
                  nroff(1) or plot(1) which may exploit special terminal capabilities.  See /usr/share/misc/termcap
                  (termcap(5)) for a list of terminal types.

     TERMCAP      The string describing the terminal in TERM, or, if it begins with a '/', the name of the termcap file.  See
                  TERMPATH below, and termcap(5).

     TERMPATH     A sequence of pathnames of termcap files, separated by colons or spaces, which are searched for terminal
                  descriptions in the order listed.  Having no TERMPATH is equivalent to a TERMPATH of
                  ``$HOME/.termcap:/etc/termcap''.  TERMPATH is ignored if TERMCAP contains a full pathname.

     TMPDIR       The directory in which to store temporary files.  Most applications use either ``/tmp'' or ``/var/tmp''.
                  Setting this variable will make them use another directory.

     TZ           The timezone to use when displaying dates.  The normal format is a pathname relative to
                  ``/usr/share/zoneinfo''.  For example, the command ``env TZ=America/Los_Angeles date'' displays the current
                  time in California.  See tzset(3) for more information.

     USER         The login name of the user.

     Further names may be placed in the environment by the export command and name=value arguments in sh(1), or by the setenv
     command if you use csh(1).  It is unwise to change certain sh(1) variables that are frequently exported by .profile
     files, such as MAIL, PS1, PS2, and IFS, unless you know what you are doing.

     The current environment variables can be printed with env(1), set(1) or printenv(1) in sh(1) and env(1), printenv(1) or
     the printenv built-in command in csh(1).

     Programs can query and modify the environment, using the environment routines getenv(3), putenv(3), setenv(3) and unsetenv(3).  
    Direct access can be made through the global variable environ, 
        though it is recommended that changes to the enviroment still be made through the environment routines.

     Shared libraries and bundles don't have direct access to environ, which is only available to the loader ld(1) when a complete program is being linked.  
    The environment routines can still be used, but if direct access to environ is needed,
     the _NSGetEnviron() routine, defined in , can be used to retrieve the address of environ at runtime.

     cd(1), csh(1), env(1), ex(1), login(1), printenv(1), sh(1), execve(2), execle(3), getenv(3), putenv(3), setenv(3),
     unsetenv(3), setlocale(3), system(3), termcap(3), termcap(5)

     The environ manual page appeared in 4.2BSD.