Allow learning and forgetting (to a local Bayes database), reporting and revoking (to a remote
database) . The client issues a TELL command to tell what type of message is being processed
and whether local (learn/forget) or remote (report/revoke) databases should be updated.
the username passed is trusted (unless --auth-ident is used) so clients
could maliciously learn messages for other users. |
This is not a concern with an SQL Bayes store as users will typically have read-write access directly to the database, and can also
use "sa-learn" with
-u to achieve the same result.)
Create user preferences (default: don't create).
Add additional lines of configuration
parsed after the configurtion files are read. |
Multiple --cf arguments can be used, and each will be considered a separate line of configuration.
Detach from starting process and run in background
SpamAssassin Server version 3.2.4
running on Perl 5.8.8
with SSL support (IO::Socket::SSL 1.23)
with zlib support (Compress::Zlib 1.42)
warn: server socket setup failed, retry 1: spamd: could not create INET socket on 127.0.0.1:783: Permission denied
warn: server socket setup failed, retry 2: spamd: could not create INET socket on 127.0.0.1:783: Permission denied
error: spamd: could not create INET socket on 127.0.0.1:783: Permission denied
spamd: could not create INET socket on 127.0.0.1:783: Permission denied
Print version information, then exit without further action.
SpamAssassin Server version 3.3.1
running on Perl 5.8.8
with SSL support (IO::Socket::SSL 1.39)
with zlib support (Compress::Zlib 2.033)
Tells spamd to listen on the specified IP address (defaults to 127.0.0.1). If you specify no IP
address after the switch, spamd will listen on all interfaces. (This is equal to the address
0.0.0.0). You can also use a valid hostname which will make spamd listen on the first address
that name resolves to.
Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on (default: 783).
If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then this port will be used to accept
SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections. If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port
is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port at the same time as encrypted
connections are accepted at --ssl-port.
Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with -x. this is useful for
spamd hosts which don't have user's home directories but do want to load user preferences from an
If your spamc client does not support sending the "User:" header, like "exiscan", then the SQL
username used will always be nobody.
This inhibits the setuid() behavior, so the "-u" option is required. If you want the setuid()
behaviour, use "-Q" or "--setuid-with-sql" instead.
Turn on LDAP lookups. This is completely analog to "--sql-config", only it is using an LDAP
Like "--sql-config", this disables the setuid behavior, and requires "-u". If you want it, use
Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with -x and also setuid to
the user. This is useful for spamd hosts which want to load user preferences from an SQL database
but also wish to support the use of -H (Helper home directories.)
Turn on LDAP lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with -x and also setuid to
the user. This is again completely analog to "--setuid-with-sql", only it is using an LDAP
This option specifies where per-user preferences can be found for virtual users, for the -x
switch. The pattern is used as a base pattern for the directory name. Any of the following
escapes can be used:
%u -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by spamc.
%l -- replaced with the 'local part' of the current username. In other words, if the username is
an email address, this is the part before the "@" sign.
%d -- replaced with the 'domain' of the current username. In other words, if the username is an
email address, this is the part after the "@" sign.
%% -- replaced with a single percent sign (%).
So for example, if "/vhome/users/%u/spamassassin" is specified, and spamc sends a virtual username
of "email@example.com", the directory "/firstname.lastname@example.org/spamassassin" will be used.
The set of characters allowed in the virtual username for this path are restricted to:
A-Z a-z 0-9 - + _ . , @ =
All others will be replaced by underscores ("_").
This path must be a writable directory. It will be created if it does not already exist. If a
file called user_prefs exists in this directory (note: not in a ".spamassassin" subdirectory!), it
will be loaded as the user's preferences. The Bayes databases for that user will be stored in
Note that this requires that -x is used, and cannot be combined with SQL- or LDAP-based configura-
The pattern must expand to an absolute directory when spamd is running daemonized (-d).
Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits setuid.
Write the process ID of the spamd parent to the file specified by pidfile. The file will be
unlinked when the parent exits. Note that when running with the -u option, the file must be
writable by that user.
Enable vpopmail config. If specified with with -u set to the vpopmail user, this allows spamd to
lookup/create user_prefs in the vpopmail user's own maildir. This option is useful for vpopmail
virtual users who do not have an entry in the system /etc/passwd file.
Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits setuid.
With syslog it is essential to send a SIGHUP to the spamd daemon when restarting syslogd.
Perl considers the disappearance of the connection to the syslogd a fatal error.
file output goes to
spamd.log. not syslog.
facility is interpreted as a file name to log to if it contains any characters except a-z and 0-9.
Restart spamd with SIGHUP when the log file (independent of syslogd) is rotated.
Logging to a file does not use locking, don't intermix logging from spamd and other processes into the same file. use
null disables logging
stderr output will be written to stderr not syslog. (useful when running "spamd" under the "daemontools" package.)
How messages should send to syslogd: "unix", "inet" or "none".|
unix falling back to
inet if perl detects an error.
Some platforms, or versions of perl, are shipped with dysfunctional versions of the Sys::Syslog
package which do not support some socket types, so you may need to set this.
If you get error messages regarding __PATH_LOG or similar from spamd, try changing this setting.
The socket type "file" is used internally and should not be specified. Use the "-s" switch instead.
Run as the named user. If this option is not set, the default behaviour is to setuid() to the
user running "spamc", if "spamd" is running as root.
Note: "--username=root" is not a valid option. If specified, "spamd" will exit with a fatal error
Run as the named group if --username is being used. If this option is not set when --username is
used then the primary group for the user given to --username is used.
Turn off (on) reading of per-user configuration files (|
Does not influence the SQL, LDAP or Virtual Config Dir settings.
Verify the username provided by spamc using ident. only useful if connections are only
allowed from trusted hosts (because an identd that lies is trivial to create) and if spamc REALLY
SHOULD be running as the user it represents. Connections are terminated immediately if authentication fails.
In this case, spamc will pass the mail through unchecked. Failure to connect to an
ident server, and response timeouts are considered authentication failures. This requires that
Net::Ident be installed.
for a response to ident queries. If the timeout is exceeded mail will not be processed.|
Setting this to 0 results in no timeout is STRONGLY discouraged. default 5 .
a list of authorized hosts or networks which can connect to this spamd instance. |
Accepts single IP addresses, ranges in address/masklength CIDR format, or ranges of IP
addresses by listing 3 or less octets with a trailing dot.
Hostnames are not supported. Can be specified multiple times, or can take a list of addresses separated
by commas. Examples:
Default: connections are only accepted from 127.0.0.1 (localhost ).
-A 10.11.12.13 -- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13.
-A 10.11.12.13,10.11.12.14 -- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13 and 10.11.12.14.
-A 10.200.300.0/24 -- allow connections from any machine in the range "10.200.300.*".
-A 10. -- allow connections from any machine in the range "10.*.*.*".
Produce debugging output. If no areas are listed, all debugging information is printed. Diagnostic
output can also be enabled for each area individually; area is the area of the code to instrument.
For example, to produce diagnostic output on bayes, learn, and dns, use:
spamassassin -D bayes,learn,dns
Higher priority informational messages that are suitable for logging in normal circumstances are
available with an area of "info".
| Do not use IPv6 for DNS tests.
| Perform only local tests (i.e. skip DNS and other network tests).
Die on user errors (for the user passed from spamc) instead of falling back to user |
using the default configuration.
| performance related options
maximum of children to spawn. Spamd will spawn this many
children, then sleep in the background until one exits, the spawns a new child if necessary.
Incoming connections can still occur if all of the children are busy. Those connections
will be queued waiting for a free child. The minimum 1, default 5.
There is a OS maximum connections that can be queued
perl -MSocket -e'print SOMAXCONN' to display it ( 128 on ed's system 3/24/11).
If set too high for the available memory, performance will be degraded because of swapping
| to be kept running. The minimum 1, default 1.
The lower limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. A spare, or idle, child is one
that is not handling a scan request. If there are too few spare children available, a new server
will be started every second. The default 1.
The upper limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. If there are too many spare
children, one will be killed every second until the number of idle children is in the
desired range. default 2.
maximum number of connections each child should process before exiting and
letting the master spamd process spawn a new child. The minimum 1, default 200.
Disable "spamd" efforts to keep a small number of "hot" child processes as busy as possible,
and keep any others as idle as possible, similar to the Apache httpd server scaling algorithm. |
All processes receive an equal load and no scaling takes place.
to wait for headers from a client (spamc) before closing the connection. The minimum 1, default 30, and 0 will disable socket timeouts.
to wait for a spamd child to to process or check a message.|
The minimum 1, default 300( 5 minutes !), and 0 disables timeouts.
|Secure / Encrypted related options
| Accept only SSL connections on the associated port. |
The IO::Socket::SSL perl module must be installed.
--port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections.
--ssl-port, unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port, at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at --ssl-port.
SSL protocol version to use, one of |
sslv2, sslv3, tlsv1, or sslv23.
sslv23, is the most flexible, accepting a SSLv2 or higher hello handshake, then negotiating use of
SSLv3 or TLSv1 protocol if the client can accept it.
Specifying --ssl-version implies --ssl.
|Unix vs TCP socket related options
| Listen on UNIX domain path pathname instead of a TCP socket.
Warning: BSD bug for paths of over 100 bytes (SpamAssassin bug 4380). |
Error : 'could not find newly-created UNIX socket' with the path truncated indicates this. Use a shorter path.
--socketpath inhibits SSL connections and unencrypted TCP connections.
To enable them, specify --port and/or --ssl-port explicitly.
Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the |
Uname. Requires that spamd be
started as "root", and if "-u" is used, that user needs write permissions to unlink the file.
| Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the group named |
Set UNIX domain socket to use the octal mode |
. If "-u" is used, that user needs write permissions.
external programs such as Razor, DCC, and Pyzor should have a HOME environment variable set to a specific directory. The default is to use the HOME environment variable setting
from the shell running spamd. By specifying no argument, spamd will use the spamc caller's home directory .