go

> go Go is a tool for managing Go source code.
Usage: go command [arguments] 
build       compile packages and dependencies
clean       remove object files
doc         show documentation for package or symbol
env         print Go environment information
fix         run go tool fix on packages
fmt         run gofmt on package sources
generate    generate Go files by processing source
get         download and install packages and dependencies
install     compile and install packages and dependencies
list        list packages
run         compile and run Go program
test        test packages
tool        run specified go tool
version     print Go version
vet         run go tool vet on packages

Use "go help [command]" for more information about a command.

Additional help topics: 
c           calling between Go and C
buildmode   description of build modes
filetype    file types
gopath      GOPATH environment variable
environment environment variables
importpath  import path syntax
packages    description of package lists
testflag    description of testing flags
testfunc    description of testing functions

Use "go help [topic]" for more information about that topic.

> go get gitlab.com/jtaimisto/bluewalker
package gitlab.com/jtaimisto/bluewalker: cannot download, $GOPATH not set. For more details see: go help gopath

> go help gopath
The Go path is used to resolve import statements.
It is implemented by and documented in the go/build package.

The GOPATH environment variable lists places to look for Go code. On Unix, a colon-separated string. On Windows, a semicolon-separated string. On Plan 9, a list. GOPATH must be set to get, build and install packages outside the standard Go tree. Each directory listed in GOPATH must have a prescribed structure: The src directory holds source code. The path below src determines the import path or executable name. The pkg directory holds installed package objects. As in the Go tree, each target operating system and architecture pair has its own subdirectory of pkg (pkg/GOOS_GOARCH). If DIR is a directory listed in the GOPATH, a package with source in DIR/src/foo/bar can be imported as "foo/bar" and has its compiled form installed to "DIR/pkg/GOOS_GOARCH/foo/bar.a". The bin directory holds compiled commands. Each command is named for its source directory, but only the final element, not the entire path. That is, the command with source in DIR/src/foo/quux is installed into DIR/bin/quux, not DIR/bin/foo/quux. The "foo/" prefix is stripped so that you can add DIR/bin to your PATH to get at the installed commands. If the GOBIN environment variable is set, commands are installed to the directory it names instead of DIR/bin. GOBIN must be an absolute path. Here's an example directory layout: GOPATH=/home/user/gocode /home/user/gocode/ src/ foo/ bar/ (go code in package bar) x.go quux/ (go code in package main) y.go bin/ quux (installed command) pkg/ linux_amd64/ foo/ bar.a (installed package object) Go searches each directory listed in GOPATH to find source code, but new packages are always downloaded into the first directory in the list. See https://golang.org/doc/code.html for an example. Internal Directories Code in or below a directory named "internal" is importable only by code in the directory tree rooted at the parent of "internal". Here's an extended version of the directory layout above:
    /home/user/gocode/
        src/
            crash/
                bang/              (go code in package bang)
                    b.go
            foo/                   (go code in package foo)
                f.go
                bar/               (go code in package bar)
                    x.go
                internal/
                    baz/           (go code in package baz)
                        z.go
                quux/              (go code in package main)
                    y.go
The code in z.go is imported as "foo/internal/baz", but that import statement can only appear in source files in the subtree rooted at foo. The source files foo/f.go, foo/bar/x.go, and foo/quux/y.go can all import "foo/internal/baz", but the source file crash/bang/b.go cannot. See https://golang.org/s/go14internal for details. Vendor Directories Go 1.6 includes support for using local copies of external dependencies to satisfy imports of those dependencies, often referred to as vendoring. Code below a directory named "vendor" is importable only by code in the directory tree rooted at the parent of "vendor", and only using an import path that omits the prefix up to and including the vendor element. Here's the example from the previous section, but with the "internal" directory renamed to "vendor" and a new foo/vendor/crash/bang directory added:
    /home/user/gocode/
        src/
            crash/
                bang/              (go code in package bang)
                    b.go
            foo/                   (go code in package foo)
                f.go
                bar/               (go code in package bar)
                    x.go
                vendor/
                    crash/
                        bang/      (go code in package bang)
                            b.go
                    baz/           (go code in package baz)
                        z.go
                quux/              (go code in package main)
                    y.go
The same visibility rules apply as for internal, but the code in z.go is imported as "baz", not as "foo/vendor/baz". Code in vendor directories deeper in the source tree shadows code in higher directories. Within the subtree rooted at foo, an import of "crash/bang" resolves to "foo/vendor/crash/bang", not the top-level "crash/bang". Code in vendor directories is not subject to import path checking (see 'go help importpath'). When 'go get' checks out or updates a git repository, it now also updates submodules. Vendor directories do not affect the placement of new repositories being checked out for the first time by 'go get': those are always placed in the main GOPATH, never in a vendor subtree. See golang.org/s/go15vendor.